Location of wind turbines is determined by many factors, including the availability of suitable free space surrounding each turbine and lots of strong and smooth wind. The presence of a continuous and steady wind is one of the primary considerations.
If the wind arrives in periodic spurts rather than blowing steadily, but is strong and powerful, then it may produce enough energy and make it worth putting a turbine in this location.
The faster the air speed, the higher production of energy will be generated from wind, which is also increased, but by a factor of three. That is digital composite of silhouette of group of people with windmills on orange sky background.
Taking Advantage Of Periodic High Wind Speeds
Going along with these facts, it may make a better judgment and make better economic sense to place a wind turbine in a place where the wind is not always stable, but can take advantage of periods of high wind speeds. More power may be generated in this location, on average, than at a location where the wind blows constantly, but at a much lower speed.
Now, when you are thinking about taking advantage of wind speed, then you should consider the fact that wind speed increases, the higher you are above ground. This is why wind turbines are placed within a tall tower.
Wind Can Be Deflected By Structures Along The Way
Turbulence is another factor. Air can move in different directions, as it can be deflected when it collides with solid objects. For example, if the wind arrives at the turbines, but passes over a small building, then the air rolls and becomes distorted in an area about twice the height of that building, in a space around the building that is as much as 20 times that distance.
But, if the building is behind the turbine, then the wind would go through the turbine blades and it would not matter what happened after that, this is not correct. The same kind of turbulence can be created by wind hitting that building, and some of the air rolls back towards the turbine.
Size Of Blade Can Influence Production Of Wind Power
Having space and distance between the turbine and the obstacles along the way can influence the production of wind power.
Then there is the size and type of the turbine. A greater overall diameter would mean there would be a larger turning blade (and possibly generate more electricity), but this may increase background noise to disturb nearby residents.
But, larger blades, requires higher wind speed to turn the blades. The size of the turbine must be adapted to the location, type of wind, and the local population density.
Your Ideal Choice Of Location
When looking for a good choice for a site, then the best location would be an area that is higher than the surrounding region, with few obstacles that can create turbulence. Mountains, valleys, canyons, can concentrate and accelerate the flow of the wind, so sites in the path of these winds are also a good location.
Another practical consideration is the availability of flat space to build a wind turbine. A 20-foot wind turbine should have approximately a 100 foot by 100 foot of empty space surrounding it, for optimum working conditions.
Wind Turbines Should Be Close To Transmission Lines
Another factor that should be considered, is close proximity to the nearby transmission lines. If a site is too far away from a transmission network that it is very difficult to force out after it is created, it may be too expensive or otherwise impractical to put a turbine in the wrong location
Before you make a decision for a location of a single turbine or even a wind farm, these are some of the factors you need to take into account, to find the most suitable location.
Choosing the location for a wind farm, with many turbines working together is even more complicated. If a turbine is eventually built on a particular site, it is the result of a long and difficult process, with much careful consideration to find the best location of wind turbines.